Where is the gallbladder located in the human body

What is the biliary tract?
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If food is present in the small intestine, the bile will continue directly into the duodenum. If the small intestine is empty, the sphincter of Oddi will be closed, and bile flowing down the common duct will accumulate and be forced back up the tube until it reaches the open cystic duct.

Cholecystectomy - Gallbladder Removal Surgery - Nucleus Health

The bile flows into the cystic duct and gallbladder, where it is stored and concentrated until needed. The gallbladder is commonly subject to many disorders, particularly the formation of solid deposits called gallstone s. Despite its activity, it can be surgically removed without serious effect. You are using an outdated browser.

The Gallbladder | Boundless Anatomy and Physiology

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Anatomy of the Stomach, Gallbladder, and Pancreas

Learn More in these related Britannica articles:. Throughout its length, the cystic duct is lined by a spiral mucosal elevation, called the valvula spiralis valve of Heister. Normally, the gallbladder lies partially embedded on the undersurface of….

The presence of fat in the duodenum stimulates the flow of bile out of the gallbladder and into the small intestine. Senescent worn-out red blood cells are destroyed in the liver, spleen, and bone marrow. A pigment, bilirubin,…. Its primary function is to store and concentrate bile, a yellow-brown digestive enzyme produced by the liver. The gallbladder is part of the biliary tract.

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The gallbladder's absorbent lining concentrates the stored bile. When food enters the small intestine, a hormone called cholecystokinin is released, signaling the gallbladder to contract and secrete bile into the small intestine through the common bile duct. The bile helps the digestive process by breaking up fats.

It also drains waste products from the liver into the duodenum, a part of the small intestine. An excess of cholesterol, bilirubin, or bile salts can cause gallstones to form.


Gallstones are generally small, hard deposits inside the gallbladder that are formed when stored bile crystallizes. A person with gallstones will rarely feel any symptoms until the gallstones reach a certain size, or if the gallstone obstructs the bile ducts. Surgical removal of the gallbladder cholecystectomy is the most common way to treat gallstones. A doctor can provide both diagnosis and treatment. A gallbladder cleanse or "liver flush" is a specialized diet designed to keep a person from getting gallstones or to treat existing gallstones.

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If a…. The gallbladder is an organ that stores bile. Bile helps the digestive process by breaking down fat from food passed into your intestine. How can you tell if your gallbladder is the source of your problems? Learn the signs and symptoms of gallbladder problems here.

Get the facts on…. A gallbladder radionuclide scan takes images of your gallbladder to determine infection, disease, or blockage.

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